Lately, the United States has been vigorously advancing its initiative for the post-war governance of Gaza. Central to this initiative is the restoration of a "renewed" Palestinian Authority in Gaza, which would train a significant number of Palestinians to assume security responsibilities.
Furthermore, the US administration seeks the backing of Arab nations in support of the Palestinian Authority's efforts in Gaza, which would entail deploying Arab forces to provide assistance until the Palestinian Authority can firmly establish its presence while also sharing the financial responsibility for the reconstruction of Gaza.
In his recent tour of Turkey and key Arab nations, which included stops in Saudi Arabia and Ramallah, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken confirmed that these countries, along with Turkey, have signalled their willingness to contribute to Gaza as long as it aligns with a political initiative aimed at realising a “two-state solution.”
To promote this project, the media positions the objectives of the United States and Israel as in conflict with one another. The former advocates for the reinstatement of the Palestinian Authority in Gaza, whereas the latter wants to maintain security control there.
Whether this "dispute" between the two is authentic or an attempt to make the American project seem different from the Israeli one, the foundation of the American project rests on three contentious assumptions.
The initial assumption is that Israel will be able to eliminate militant factions in Gaza, establish control, and subsequently transfer authority to the Arab-backed Palestinian Authority. However, the ongoing war in Gaza makes this scenario highly unlikely.
Palestinian militant factions are still able to launch rockets into Israeli cities and inflict substantial losses on Israeli soldiers. Meanwhile, they still have the captives.
The second assumption — closely tied to the first — surmises that the war will conclude within a matter of weeks. However, several observers expect it to be a drawn-out war. Even Israeli government officials, both civilian and military, have explicitly said the war could last months — and potentially years — to eradicate armed factions fighting in Gaza completely.
The third assumption is that the war will be contained within Gaza. In practice, despite the regional countries' disinterest in widening the war, this doesn't mean it can't happen.
The Red Sea has become a volatile arena for confrontations, a facet of which was the recent military strikes initiated by both the US and UK against the Houthis.
The US has warned commercial vessels against sailing the Red Sea, and many countries are rerouting their commercial navigation around the horn of Africa instead.