According to reports in American newspapers, ongoing US-Saudi negotiations are focusing on three main issues:
Security guarantees: The United States is considering providing Saudi Arabia with security guarantees similar to those of Nato member states. This would include the sale of advanced weapons, such as the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) anti-ballistic missile system.
Civilian nuclear programme: The United States is also considering supporting Saudi Arabia's development of a civilian nuclear programme. This would be a "full cycle" programme, including all aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle, from enrichment to reprocessing.
Palestinian issue: The United States and Saudi Arabia want to play a more proactive role in resolving the Palestinian issue based on the Arab Peace Initiative. Adopted by the Arab League in 2002, this initiative provides an opportunity to build an Arab-Israeli relationship.
In return, the US wants Saudi Arabia to dial down its relationship with China.
While Riyadh can remain the main exporter of oil for the Chinese market and maintain economic cooperation, it must not become increasingly dependent on Chinese technology — especially in the security and military sectors, such as the communications system from Huawei and strategic military procurement.
Finally, Washington expects Saudi normalisation with Israel in exchange for meeting Riyadh’s expectations over resolving the Palestinian issue by the initiative agreed upon by all Arab countries at the Beirut summit in 2002.