Since the beginning of the oil era in Kuwait, the state’s political administration has made a conscious effort to improve living standards and upgrade education and healthcare for citizens.
More importantly, the administration devised development policies and aid to Arab countries, establishing the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development immediately after independence in 1961.
Kuwait has continued to improve its relations with various Arab countries — regardless of the policies of their governments — despite the polarisation since the beginning of the 1950s.
However, Kuwait’s ties with Iraq were notably different.
Kuwait was always trying to take Iraqi considerations into account, but it was confident of its independence and the adoption of the border between Kuwait and Iraq set up in 1932 and later recognised by the United Nations.
Despite tensions that existed with Iraq, matters were dealt with through sensitive diplomatic methods when the neighbouring nation was still a kingdom. That changed after the 1958 coup and the establishment of the Republic of Iraq.