Jordan is an Arab country with some of the deepest links with Palestine, leaving its economy among the most exposed to the shockwaves from the war in Gaza.
They have rippled through the nation just as it hoped that deeper regional cooperation — and the prospect of more economic ties with Israel — would help it deal with faltering growth and rising unemployment.
Now, those hopes are colliding with the political reaction to the conflict just over its borders, within which there are significant numbers of displaced Palestinians.
Since the Nakba of 1948, Jordan has been involved in the turbulent history of Palestine as a near neighbour to the West Bank, which was once part of the Kingdom. Then, in 1967, the Arab defeat left Jordan with added burdens and in confrontation with Israel. It was also exposed to internal conflict between armed Palestinian groups, which peaked in September 1970.
The significant Palestinian presence in Jordan contributed to developing the country’s economy. It received substantial financial remittances from Palestinians working abroad, especially in Gulf countries, helping improve its current account balance over many years.
Remittances declined as Palestinians from Kuwait and other neighbouring Gulf countries came back after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990.
But the returnees also boosted Jordan’s labour market – helping a range of sectors from banking to tourism via manufacturing, agriculture and services – and Palestinians also set up new businesses and projects throughout the economy.