String of assassinations
She also authorised a series of target assassinations by the Mossad against ranking Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) members.
This came after the 1972 attack by the Black September Organisation, which killed 11 Israeli athletes at the Munich Summer Olympics. Black September was actually planning to assassinate Golda Meir during her trip to New York City on 4 March 1973. She promised to strike first, creating Committee X to take down her enemies, with herself at the helm.
Codenamed Operation Wrath of God, her revenge first struck down the PLO representative in Rome, assassinating Wael Zeiter on 16 October 1972. Less than two months later, Meir ordered the assassination of Mahmud al-Hamshari, Yasser Arafat's envoy to France, who was killed by a bomb planted underneath his home desk in Paris.
In January 1973, she struck Hussein al-Bashir, the Fateh representative in Cyprus, who was blown up at his hotel room in Nicosia.
However, the most famous of Golda Meir's operations was the one carried out in Lebanon in April 1973. Arriving on speedboats disguised as civilians, Israeli commandos attacked the homes of top Palestinian leaders Mohammad Yusuf al-Najjar, Kamal Adwan, and Kamal Nasser.
All of them were killed on Meir's orders.
The October War of 1973
The breaking point in her career was the October War of 1973, launched by Egypt's Sadat and Syria's new president, Hafez al-Assad. Despite reports that the Syrians were amassing troops on their side of the border, Meir's advisers told her not to worry, believing this was a bluff.
Sadat was fond of mobilising troops on his side of the border, putting Israel on high alert, and then withdrawing them. Probably, Meir thought that this was another of his tactics. She didn't mobilise her army, thinking that after the stunning defeat of 1967, the Arabs would not dare attack Israel again.
Defence Minister Moshe Dayan was telling her that the Arabs would not do it, and he continued to hold by this line up to six hours before the outbreak of hostilities.
On 6 October, she finally began to mobilise the army. Still, she rejected any pre-emptive strike against Syria and/or Egypt, not wanting to be seen as having triggered the war so as not to upset the Nixon Administration.