In the United States, 4,000 jobs were lost in May alone, according to data collected by Challenger, Gray & Christmas, which quoted OpenAI, ChatGPT's maker, as saying that 10% of the tasks of 80% of the US workforce will be affected by large language models (LLMs), i.e., AI-enabled word processing systems.
The Writers Guild of America, especially members from the Hollywood film industry, has been on strike for weeks to demand that AI, especially generative content, be subject to regulations for fear of its effects on their work, as well as for pay increases and higher returns from content streaming platforms.
According to a study by the Frank Hawkins Kenan Institute for Private Enterprise, jobs held by American women are 79% more likely to be affected by automation, compared with 58% for men.
Collaboration of humans and machines
Humans may collaborate with AI to improve their performance, potentially increasing the number of jobs or creating new ones in areas that require such collaboration. AI, especially generative, requires a lot of human input to improve its performance.
LLMs, for example, train through human input that improves performance as humans evaluate LLM output, focusing on positively assessed outcomes and neglecting negatively assessed ones. A paper released in May describes how these models could collapse in the absence of a human role.
Thus, jobs may change qualitatively rather than quantitatively in management, programming, customer service, legal services, education, financial services, engineering, and human resources, where humans will still have a role to play in improving AI systems and evaluating their outputs.
Administrators, for example, won't be able to let AI respond to emails without reviewing content, nor will programmers be able to use AI-created software without assessing its quality. It will be difficult for schools and universities to rely exclusively on AI and eliminate human teachers.
In the Middle East and North Africa
In our region, the conclusions reached by PwC drew attention. In the fourth annual edition of its report, The Middle East Workforce Hopes and Fears survey, workers are enthusiastic about adopting AI and support plans to reduce carbon emissions, build a sustainable economic future, and diversify economies.
Read more: Restrictive AI laws and 'false hope' hinder technological innovation in Tunisia
In terms of AI adoption, respondents agree that they need to improve their skills and learn new ones, setting a five-year horizon for that.