European Union countries are facing unprecedented challenges at their external borders due to the arrival of record numbers of refugees from several countries and continents. Numbers are steadily rising in the absence of effectively controlled European borders and coast guards.
Most of those who took risks and migrated by sea were North Africans. Considering the number of irregular Ukrainian refugees crossing European borders in February 2022, the number of refugees in general is expected to exceed 300,000 in 2022, according to the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, Frontex.
Migration has been a very sensitive topic politically in the European Union since 2015 when hundreds of thousands of people, most of them fleeing the war in Syria, crossed the Mediterranean to Europe, leaving their country that has no future, no peace and no stability.